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TDengine Rust Client Library

taos is the official Rust client library for TDengine. Rust developers can develop applications to access the TDengine instance data.

The source code for the Rust client library is located on GitHub.

Version support

Please refer to version support list

The Rust client library is still under rapid development and is not guaranteed to be backward compatible before 1.0. We recommend using TDengine version 3.0 or higher to avoid known issues.



Install the Rust development toolchain.

Adding taos dependencies

Depending on the connection method, add the taos dependency in your Rust project as follows:

In cargo.toml, add taos:

# use default feature
taos = "*"

Establishing a connection

TaosBuilder creates a connection constructor through the DSN connection description string. The DSN should be in form of <http | https>://<host>[:port]?token=<token>.

let builder = TaosBuilder::from_dsn(DSN)?;

You can now use this object to create the connection.

let conn =;

The connection object can create more than one.

let conn1 =;
let conn2 =;

After that, you can perform the following operations on the database.

async fn demo(taos: &Taos, db: &str) -> Result<(), Error> {
// prepare database
format!("DROP DATABASE IF EXISTS `{db}`"),
format!("CREATE DATABASE `{db}`"),
format!("USE `{db}`"),

let inserted = taos.exec_many([
// create super table
"CREATE TABLE `meters` (`ts` TIMESTAMP, `current` FLOAT, `voltage` INT, `phase` FLOAT) \
TAGS (`groupid` INT, `location` BINARY(24))",
// create child table
"CREATE TABLE `d0` USING `meters` TAGS(0, 'California.LosAngles')",
// insert into child table
"INSERT INTO `d0` values(now - 10s, 10, 116, 0.32)",
// insert with NULL values
"INSERT INTO `d0` values(now - 8s, NULL, NULL, NULL)",
// insert and automatically create table with tags if not exists
"INSERT INTO `d1` USING `meters` TAGS(1, 'California.SanFrancisco') values(now - 9s, 10.1, 119, 0.33)",
// insert many records in a single sql
"INSERT INTO `d1` values (now-8s, 10, 120, 0.33) (now - 6s, 10, 119, 0.34) (now - 4s, 11.2, 118, 0.322)",

assert_eq!(inserted, 6);
let mut result = taos.query("select * from `meters`").await?;

for field in result.fields() {
println!("got field: {}",;

let values = result.

API Reference

Connection pooling

In complex applications, we recommend enabling connection pools. taos implements connection pools based on r2d2.

As follows, a connection pool with default parameters can be generated.

let pool = TaosBuilder::from_dsn(dsn)?.pool()?;

You can set the same connection pool parameters using the connection pool's constructor.

let dsn = std::env::var("TDENGINE_CLOUD_DSN")?;;

let opts = PoolBuilder::new()
.max_size(5000) // max connections
.max_lifetime(Some(Duration::from_secs(60 * 60))) // lifetime of each connection
.min_idle(Some(1000)) // minimal idle connections

let pool = TaosBuilder::from_dsn(dsn)?.with_pool_builder(opts)?;

In the application code, use pool.get()? to get a connection object Taos.

let taos = pool.get()? ;


The Taos object provides an API to perform operations on multiple databases.

  1. exec: Execute some non-query SQL statements, such as CREATE, ALTER, INSERT, etc.

    let affected_rows = taos.exec("INSERT INTO tb1 VALUES(now, NULL)").await?;
  2. exec_many: Run multiple SQL statements simultaneously or in order.

    "USE test",
    "CREATE TABLE `tb1` (`ts` TIMESTAMP, `val` INT)",
  3. query: Run a query statement and return a [ResultSet] object.

    let mut q = taos.query("select * from log.logs").await?;

    The [ResultSet] object stores query result data and the names, types, and lengths of returned columns

    You can obtain column information by using [.fields()].

    let cols = q.fields();
    for col in cols {
    println!("name: {}, type: {:?} , bytes: {}",, col.ty(), col.bytes());

    It fetches data line by line.

    let mut rows = result.rows();
    let mut nrows = 0;
    while let Some(row) = rows.try_next().await? {
    for (col, (name, value)) in row.enumerate() {
    "[{}] got value in col {} (named `{:>8}`): {}",
    nrows, col, name, value
    nrows += 1;

    Or use the serde deserialization framework.

    #[derive(Debug, Deserialize)]
    struct Record {
    // deserialize timestamp to chrono::DateTime<Local>
    ts: DateTime<Local>,
    // float to f32
    current: Option<f32>,
    // int to i32
    voltage: Option<i32>,
    phase: Option<f32>,
    groupid: i32,
    // binary/varchar to String
    location: String,

    let records: Vec<Record> = taos
    .query("select * from `meters`")

Note that Rust asynchronous functions and an asynchronous runtime are required.

Taos provides Rust methods for some SQL statements to reduce the number of format!s.

  • .describe(table: &str): Executes DESCRIBE and returns a Rust data structure.
  • .create_database(database: &str): Executes the CREATE DATABASE statement.
  • .use_database(database: &str): Executes the USE statement.

In addition, this structure is also the entry point for [Parameter Binding](#Parameter Binding Interface) and [Line Protocol Interface](#Line Protocol Interface). Please refer to the specific API descriptions for usage.

For information about other structure APIs, see the Rust documentation.