TDengine is an open-source, cloud-native time-series database optimized for the Internet of Things (IoT), Connected Cars, and Industrial IoT. It enables efficient, real-time data ingestion, processing, and monitoring of TB and even PB scale data per day, generated by billions of sensors and data collectors. This document is the TDengine user manual. It introduces the basic, as well as novel concepts, in TDengine, and also talks in detail about installation, features, SQL, APIs, operation, maintenance, kernel design, and other topics. It’s written mainly for architects, developers, and system administrators.
To get an overview of TDengine, such as a feature list, benchmarks, and competitive advantages, please browse through the Introduction section.
TDengine greatly improves the efficiency of data ingestion, querying, and storage by exploiting the characteristics of time series data, introducing the novel concepts of "one table for one data collection point" and "super table", and designing an innovative storage engine. To understand the new concepts in TDengine and make full use of the features and capabilities of TDengine, please read Concepts thoroughly.
If you are a developer, please read the Developer Guide carefully. This section introduces the database connection, data modeling, data ingestion, query, continuous query, cache, data subscription, user-defined functions, and other functionality in detail. Sample code is provided for a variety of programming languages. In most cases, you can just copy and paste the sample code, and make a few changes to accommodate your application, and it will work.
We live in the era of big data, and scale-up is unable to meet the growing needs of the business. Any modern data system must have the ability to scale out, and clustering has become an indispensable feature of big data systems. Not only did the TDengine team develop the cluster feature, but also decided to open source this important feature. To learn how to deploy, manage and maintain a TDengine cluster please refer to Cluster Deployment.
TDengine uses ubiquitous SQL as its query language, which greatly reduces learning costs and migration costs. In addition to the standard SQL, TDengine has extensions to better support time series data analysis. These extensions include functions such as roll-up, interpolation, and time-weighted average, among many others. The SQL Reference chapter describes the SQL syntax in detail and lists the various supported commands and functions.
If you are a system administrator who cares about installation, upgrade, fault tolerance, disaster recovery, data import, data export, system configuration, how to monitor whether TDengine is running healthily, and how to improve system performance, please refer to, and thoroughly read the Administration section.
If you want to know more about TDengine tools, the REST API, and connectors for various programming languages, please see the Reference chapter.
If you are very interested in the internal design of TDengine, please read the chapter Inside TDengine, which introduces the cluster design, data partitioning, sharding, writing, and reading processes in detail. If you want to study TDengine code or even contribute code, please read this chapter carefully.
TDengine is an open-source database, and we would love for you to be a part of TDengine. If you find any errors in the documentation or see parts where more clarity or elaboration is needed, please click "Edit this page" at the bottom of each page to edit it directly.
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