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Tag Index


Prior to TDengine (excluded), only one index is created by default on the first tag of each super table, but it's not allowed to dynamically create index on any other tags. From version 3.0.30, you can dynamically create index on any tag of any type. The index created automatically by TDengine is still valid. Query performance can benefit from indexes if you use properly.


  1. The syntax of creating an index
CREATE INDEX index_name ON tbl_name (tagColName)

In the above statement, index_name if the name of the index, tbl_name is the name of the super table,tagColName is the name of the tag on which the index is being created. tagColName can be any type supported by TDengine.

  1. The syntax of drop an index
DROP INDEX index_name

In the above statement, index_name is the name of an existing index. If the index doesn't exist, the command would fail but doesn't generate any impact to the system.

  1. The syntax of show indexes in the system
SELECT * FROM information_schema.INS_INDEXES 

You can also add filter conditions to limit the results.

SHOW INDEXES FROM tbl_name [FROM db_name];
SHOW INDEXES FROM [db_name.]tbl_name ;

Use show indexes commands to show indices that have been created for the specified database or table.

Detailed Specification

  1. Indexes can improve query performance significantly if they are used properly. The operators supported by tag index include =, >, >=, <, <=. If you use these operators with tags, indexes can improve query performance significantly. However, for operators not in this scope, indexes don't help. More and more operators will be added in future.

  2. Only one index can be created on each tag, error would be reported if you try to create more than one indexes on same tag.

  3. Each time you can create an index on a single tag, you are not allowed to create indexes on multiple tags together.

  4. The name of each index must be unique across the whole system, regardless of the type of the index, e.g. tag index or sma index.

  5. There is no limit on the number of indexes, but each index may add some burden on the metadata subsystem. So too many indexes may decrease the efficiency of reading or writing metadata and then decrease the system performance. So it's better not to add unnecessary indexes.

  6. You can' create index on a normal table or a child table.

  7. If the unique values of a tag column are too few, it's better not to create index on such tag columns, the benefit would be very small.

  8. The newly created super table will randomly generate an index name for the first column of tags, which is composed of the name tag0 column with 23 random bytes, and can be rebuilt or dropped.