TDengine can be quickly integrated with the open-source data visualization system Grafana to build a data monitoring and alerting system. The whole process does not require any code development. And you can visualize the contents of the data tables in TDengine on a dashboard.
You can learn more about using the TDengine plugin on GitHub.
In order for Grafana to add the TDengine data source successfully, the following preparations are required:
- The TDengine cluster is deployed and functioning properly
- taosAdapter is installed and running properly. Please refer to the taosAdapter manual for details.
Record these values:
- TDengine REST API url:
- TDengine cluster authorization, with user + password.
TDengine currently supports Grafana versions 7.5 and above. Users can go to the Grafana official website to download the installation package and execute the installation according to the current operating system. The download address is as follows: https://grafana.com/grafana/download.
Install Grafana Plugin and Configure Data Source
- With GUI
- With Script
- Install & Configure Manually
Under Grafana 8, plugin catalog allows you to browse and manage plugins within Grafana (but for Grafana 7.x, use With Script or Install & Configure Manually). Find the page at Configurations > Plugins, search TDengine and click it to install.
Installation may cost some minutes, then you can Create a TDengine data source:
Then you can add a TDengine data source by filling up the configuration options.
You can create dashboards with TDengine now.
On a server with Grafana installed, run
install.sh with TDengine url and username/passwords will install TDengine data source plugin and add a data source named TDengine. This is the recommended way for Grafana 7.x or Grafana provisioning users.
bash -c "$(curl -fsSL \
https://raw.githubusercontent.com/taosdata/grafanaplugin/master/install.sh)" -- \
-a http://localhost:6041 \
-u root \
Restart Grafana service and open Grafana in web-browser, usually http://localhost:3000.
Save the script and type
./install.sh --help for the full usage of the script.
grafana-cli plugins install tdengine-datasource
# with sudo
sudo -u grafana grafana-cli plugins install tdengine-datasource
# from GitHub
# from Grafana
wget -O tdengine-datasource-$GF_VERSION.zip https://grafana.com/api/plugins/tdengine-datasource/versions/$GF_VERSION/download
Take CentOS 7.2 for example, extract the plugin package to /var/lib/grafana/plugins directory, and restart grafana.
sudo unzip tdengine-datasource-$GF_VERSION.zip -d /var/lib/grafana/plugins/
If Grafana is running in a Docker environment, the TDengine plugin can be automatically installed and set up using the following environment variable settings:
Now users can log in to the Grafana server (username/password: admin/admin) directly through the URL
http://localhost:3000 and add a datasource through
Configuration -> Data Sources on the left side, as shown in the following figure.
Add data source to enter the Add data source page, and enter TDengine in the query box to add it, as shown in the following figure.
Enter the datasource configuration page, and follow the default prompts to modify the corresponding configuration.
- Host: IP address of the server where the components of the TDengine cluster provide REST service (offered by taosd before 2.4 and by taosAdapter since 2.4) and the port number of the TDengine REST service (6041), by default use
- User: TDengine user name.
- Password: TDengine user password.
Save & Test to test. You should see a success message if the test worked.
Please refer to Install plugins in the Docker container. This will install
tdengine-datasource plugin when Grafana container starts:
docker run -d \
-p 3000:3000 \
-e "GF_INSTALL_PLUGINS=tdengine-datasource" \
Save the provisioning configuration file to
- name: TDengine
# install tdengine plugin at start
#printf "$TDENGINE_USER:$TDENGINE_PASSWORD" | base64
Start TDengine and Grafana services:
docker-compose up -d.
Open Grafana http://localhost:3000, and you can add dashboard with TDengine now.
Go back to the main interface to create a dashboard and click Add Query to enter the panel query page:
As shown above, select the
TDengine data source in the
Query and enter the corresponding SQL in the query box below for query.
- INPUT SQL: enter the statement to be queried (the result set of the SQL statement should be two columns and multiple rows), for example:
select avg(mem_system) from log.dn where ts >= $from and ts < $to interval($interval), where, from, to and interval are built-in variables of the TDengine plugin, indicating the range and time interval of queries fetched from the Grafana plugin panel. In addition to the built-in variables, custom template variables are also supported.
- ALIAS BY: This allows you to set the current query alias.
- GENERATE SQL: Clicking this button will automatically replace the corresponding variables and generate the final executed statement.
Follow the default prompt to query the average system memory usage for the specified interval on the server where the current TDengine deployment is located as follows.
For more information on how to use Grafana to create the appropriate monitoring interface and for more details on using Grafana, refer to the official Grafana documentation.
Importing the Dashboard
You can install TDinsight dashboard in data source configuration page (like
http://localhost:3000/datasources/edit/1/dashboards) as a monitoring visualization tool for TDengine cluster. The dashboard is published in Grafana as Dashboard 15167 - TDinsight. Check the TDinsight User Manual for the details.
For more dashboards using TDengine data source, search here in Grafana. Here is a sub list: